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    Learn French > French lessons and exercises > French test #13120
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    Les types de phrases


     

    Les types de phrases

     

    Toute phrase appartient à l'un des quatre types obligatoires combiné ou non à un ou plusieurs types facultatifs.

    • Les types obligatoires (ne se combinent pas entre eux) :

    -Les phrases déclaratives servent à constater un fait, à exprimer une idée, un jugement.

    -Les phrases interrogatives servent à poser des questions. Elles sont caractérisées par un point d'interrogation à la fin. L'interrogation totale porte sur toute la phrase et appelle une réponse par oui ou par non. L'interrogation partielle porte sur une partie de la phrase. (Le sujet, le complément, l'attribut).

    -Les phrases exclamatives expriment généralement un sentiment. Elles sont caractérisées par un point d'exclamation à la fin.

    -Les phrases impératives expriment un ordre, un conseil, une suggestion. Elles sont caractérisées par un point d'exclamation à la fin.

    • Les types facultatifs  (peuvent se combiner avec les types obligatoires) :

    -La forme négative peut être totale (ne...pas) ou partielle (ne...jamais/ne rien...).

    -La forme emphatique permet de mettre en relief un élément de la phrase, par des procédés divers (voici/voilà/c'est...qui/c'est...que).

    -La forme passive où le sujet de l'actif devient complément d'agent.

     

    Indiquez le type de chaque phrase





    French exercise "Les types de phrases" created by younes91 with The test builder
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    1. Voilà la plus haute tour du monde.
    2. Je ne mange ni bonbons ni chocolat.
    3. Ne partez pas maintenant!
    4. Le voleur est arrêté par la police.
    5. C'est Nadia qui a cassé la fenêtre.
    6. Quel but de Zidane!
    7. Tu as voyagé l'été dernier?
    8. Ce théâtre est un des plus beaux de la ville.
    9. Fais tes exercices et dépêche toi!
    10. Oh! Quels beaux paysages panoramiques!








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