Add a new lesson / test
Please log in!


Remember me
Lost password


2 million accounts created!
JOIN our free club and learn French now!




Get a free French lesson every week!

  • Home
  • Contact
  • Print
  • Guestbook
  • Report a bug


  •  
    Recommended:
    > French translator



    Ads:





    Learn French > French lessons and exercises > French test #3060
    > Other French exercises on the same topics: BE, HAVE, DO, DID, WAS... | Present participle [Change theme]
    > Similar tests: - FLE : AVOIR au présent - Participe passé-Bilan complet - Participes passés (révisions) - Gérondif, participe présent, adjectif verbal - Present: Verb Avoir - Pronominal verbs, agreement of past participle. - Accord du participe passé... - Auxiliaries : Avoir or Être?
    > Double-click on words you don't understand


    Past participle with the auxiliary 'être'


    être + past participle

    usual verbs

     

     

    With the auxiliary 'être' : the verb agrees with its subject. The past participle works the same way as an attribute adjective . To find back the subject, you must ask the following question 'Who’s achieving the action? '. Example : Elle est bien nourrie > 'qui est-ce qui est bien nourri ?' answer : elle > nourrie agrees with the subject elle, a feminine singular pronoun  > the past participle 'nourrie' is then also a feminine singular.

    Be careful, there are some exceptions. Some pronominal verbs agree with the direct object complement (COD), even with the auxiliary 'être' that can also mean avoir. With the reflexive and reciprocal pronominal verbs, this COD is the 'se' that refers to the subject . Yet , when 'se' is not the COD, then the past participle agrees with the COD only if it is placed before the verb  in the sentence. Examples : Les ennuis qu'ils se sont attirés... (meaning : the troubles they did get). Ils se sont attiré des ennuis (meaning: ils ont attiré des ennuis à eux). In these examples , the verb exactly agrees as if it had been conjugated with the auxiliary 'avoir', consequently with its COD if it is placed before the verb.

    Then, some verbs, like 'se rire', 'se plaire' and 'se jouer', and also their derived forms, remain invariable. Example : Elles se sont ri de leurs peurs passées. The verbe 'se rire' remains invariable.

    Ordinary verbs

    Pronominal verbs

    Exceptions

    agrees with the subject

    agrees with COD only if it is placed before

    invariable

    'se' sometimes refers to the subject

    se jouer, se plaire, se rire (and derived forms)

     

    Write and make the necessary agreement with the following underlined verbs.

     

     





    Twitter Share
    French exercise "Past participle with the auxiliary 'être'" created by anonyme with The test builder
    Click here to see the current stats of this French test [Save] [Load] [?]


    To insert French letters with accents, please use the buttons below:


    1. Je crois que les enfants sont déjà depuis une heure. (réveiller)

    2. Tes parents disent qu'ils sont chez nous cet après-midi. (passer)

    3. Je croyais qu'elle était déjà . (venir)

    4. Les manifestants seront par le ministre. (recevoir)

    5. Heureusement, les passagers ne sont que légèrement . (blesser)

    6. Ces voyous sont dans le quartier. (détester)

    7. Ma soeur est sur une chaise lorsqu'elle a vu ma souris blanche en liberté. (monter)

    8. Comme nous sommes amies, nous sommes nager à la piscine ensemble. (aller)

    9. Cette artiste était pour son talent. (admirer)

    10. Anne est enfin ! (endormir)









    End of the free exercise to learn French: Past participle with the auxiliary 'être'
    A free French exercise to learn French.
    Other French exercises on the same topics : BE, HAVE, DO, DID, WAS... | Present participle | All our lessons and exercises

    Share : Facebook / Google+ / Twitter / ...