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    Learn French > French lessons and exercises > French test #4155
    > Other French exercises on the same topics: Imperative | Find the correct tense [Change theme]
    > Similar tests: - Subjunctive present - French Simple future - Impératif présent - Using 'si' in the sentences. - Verb Être - Indicative tenses - Imperfect indicative. - Past tense
    > Double-click on words you don't understand


    The Present Imperative


     

    The Present Imperative 
      

    It is used to express an order :

    Eg : Viens ici, écoute-moi. 

    Here are the main rules of conjugation for the Present Imperative form: 

    ONLY three persons: 2nd person  singular  and 1st and 2nd person plural: 

    Eg : Mange, Mangeons, Mangez

    Ex : offre, offrons, offrez 

     The four verbs below have an irregular imperative due to their unique structure :
    Être : sois, soyons, soyez

    Avoir : aie, ayons, ayez

    Savoir : sache, sachons, sachez

    Vouloir : veuille, veuillons, veuillez

     

    The position of the pronoun with the imperative form

    The personal pronoun is, in most cases, placed before the verb

    but it may differ in the case of the imperative :

      Non negative imperative form

    The pronouns are placed after the verb introduced by hyphens 

    Rappelez-vous-en !

     

     If there are several pronouns, the direct object pronoun (C.O.D.) comes after the verb.

    The indirect object pronouns (C.O.I.) then follow behind»

    J’ai besoin de ce cours, donnez-le-moi

     

    'Donnez' what ? le  (cours )=> COD, 'Donnez' to whom ?à  moi => COI . And never : (donnez moi le).

      

    Particular case 

     

    If the COD is « en » it is always located in the second position after the Imperative verb.

    You have to say =>Donne-men.

    But never => Donne moi (z’) en 

    The imperative negative form

    If the verb is in the imperative negative form (with 'nepas'), the pronouns are placed before the verb

    This rule also applies to pronominal verbs . 

    Ne me le donne pas maintenant.

    Ne te lève pas tout de suite

    Ne vous perdez pas en chemin

     

     

     

    When is the « S » retained in the  Imperative tu-form ?

     

    The tu-form of all « er » verbs, in the Imperative tense, drop the « s », and end in an « e »
    Eg. Donn
    e-lui une chance.

     

      However, if they are followed by « en » or « y », then the « s » must be retained.

    A hyphen is inserted to join the tu-form of the verb to the pronoun.

     

    Ex. Amènes-y ta soeur.

    The verb « aller » also follows this rule.

    Eg. Vas-y.

    It’s very easy if you pay attention to the pronunciation; if  it is awkward to pronounce,

    e.g. mange-en, then the « s » is needed.

    Eg :

    À Londres, vas-y si tu veux, mais amènes-y ta soeur et rapporte-moi un cadeau.





    French exercise "The Present Imperative" created by bridg with The test builder
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    1. Donne ce jouet à ton frère, allez
    2. Ouvre moi cette porte s’il te plaît. Vite
    3. Donne lui un peu de chocolat. quelques carrés.
    4. Pourquoi as-tu peur d’y aller ? Allez, tu ne risques rien.
    5. Peux-tu aller chercher du fromage ? un bon morceau.
    6. Tu as apporté une cassette, chic
    7. Je ne te comprends pas, encore une fois !
    8. Oui tu peux sortir mais trop tard.
    9. Avant de poser une question,
    10. Venez ! à côté de moi.
    11. Je ne le redirai pas ! Alors
    12. de lui, il peut te faire du mal.
    13. Tu as oublié tes cours Julien est là, .
    14. Oh ! J’ai peur d’oublier, , c’est plus prudent.
    15. Ce film ? je l’ai détesté.








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