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> Similar tests: - Place des adjectifs - Ordinal adjectives - Adjectives agreement - Accord des adjectifs qualificatifs - Féminin et pluriel des adjectifs - FLE-Singular possessive adjectives - Adjectifs - Adjectif attribut du sujet
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Possessive adjectives



 

The possessive adjectives

The possessive adjectives determine the ownership relation of the noun that it qualifies.
Ma couverture.
Sa
trousse
Nos cahiers.

Which case ?

Masculine singular

Masculine plural

Feminine singular

Feminine plural

notice

A single owner and a single owned object

Mon

Ton

son

Ma

Ta

sa

Before a feminine noun beginning with a vowel or a soundless 'h' we use 'mon, ton, son' instead of 'ma, ta, sa'

EX :

mon alarme

ton ampoule

son histoire

A single owner and several owned objects

Mes

Tes

ses

Mes

Tes

ses

Several owners and a single owned object

Notre

Votre

leur

Notre

Votre

leur

Several owners and several owned objects

Nos

Vos

Leurs

Nos

Vos

Leurs

The tonic possessive

adjectives

Mien

Tien

Sien

Nôtre vôtre

Leur

Miens

Tiens

Siens

Nôtres

Vôtres

Leurs

Mienne

Tienne

Sienne

Nôtre vôtre

Leur

Miennes

Tiennes

Siennes

Nôtres

Vôtres

Leurs

These tonic forms are used in the formal language. You must'nt confuse them with the possessive pronouns preceded by an article

EX :

Il a fait siennes mes idées

How Possessive Adjectives accord with their nouns

The Possessive Adjectives can be divided into 3 groups - one for each group of grammatical person

(1) My/Our: mon, ma, mes nos, notre
(2) Your: ton, ta, tes, vos, votre
(3) He/She/It/Their: son, sa, ses, leur, leurs


The gender and number of the object possessed determine which form to use .

We use (mon, ma, mes, nos, notre) to refer to our own possessions.

We use (ta, votre, tes, vos) to refer to the possessions of the person to whom we speak.

We use (sa, leur, ses, leurs) to refer to the possessions of the person whom we speak about.

Three possessive adjectives agree with the noun they qualify, according to its meaning

Here are some criteria :

1. 'leur, notre, votre' as well as the noun they qualify, stay in the singular form

- before nouns which do not have a plural form

On ne peut pas faire confiance à leur odorat.


-

When there is one obvious object that is owned by a group

Les dimanches soir les habitants de Toulouse retournent dans leur ville.

2. The possessive adjectives take the plural form as well as the noun they qualify:

- Before nouns which do not have a singular form

Ils présentèrent leurs condoléances

« Condoléances » is always plural



When there is an idea of reciprocity,comparison or addition

Ils ont échangé leurs cahiers.

Chacun a un cahier et l’échange avec l’autre.

Each one has a copy-book and exchanges with the other


- When each of the owners possesses several objects

La nuit les voitures allument leurs phares.

A car has got two headlights at least.

3. When a single object is owned individually by each owner, the singular or plural form is used, depending on the point of view taken.

- plurality or collection => plural

Les renards ont fait leurs terriers sur cette colline.

Here we perceive several « terriers »( burrows) were made.


- the type of object rather than the collection => singular

Les renards font leur terrier sur des collines.

Here we speak about a group and their type of home.

Your turn now





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